Avocados need warm weather in order to grow, the slightest cold or frost could really damage your avocado plant. So if you live in a cooler climate your best option if you want to grow an avocado plant is to do it indoors.
Avocado trees can grow up to 80 feet and they can take up to 10 years before it begins to produce fruit. However, avocado plants make great houseplants that are easy to grow.
How to care for an avocado plant?
- Fertilize avocado plants regularly in the spring and summer.
- Avocado plants need full sunlight in order to thrive.
- They need a constant supply of water, and to be kept moist. Make sure that the plant gets adequate drainage, as too much water can lead to the leaves yellowing. Place it in a pot with a drainage hole to avoid overwatering.
- They need warm temperatures to grow and thrive.
- Plant your avocado plant in a rich, fast draining potting mix.
How to grow avocado plants from seed?
- Save an avocado seed from a previous avocado.
- Place two toothpicks through the avocado seed. Using the toothpicks make an ‘X’ shape through the seed.
- You then want to get a glass and fill it with water and suspend the seed over the water so that half of the seed is in the water.
- Make sure to change the water frequently.
- You want to keep it in a warm place but not in direct sunlight. In 2 to 6 weeks you should see it sprout.
- Once the plant grows to about 6 inches you can cut it back, which will help promote stronger root growth.
- You will know it is time to transplant when the roots are thick and the stem has new leaves again.
- Then you want to plant it in soil with half the seed still above the soil, in a pot that has a drainage hole and is at least 10 inches in diameter.
- Remember to repot your avocado plant every spring and for the first few years it is important to trim your plant to help encourage growth.
- You can bring your avocado plant outdoors during the spring, once the weather warms up. But once it starts to go below 50º Fahrenheit / 10º Celsius you should bring the plant back indoors or else you will notice the leaves wilting and falling off.
- A sign of over fertilization, is a white crust on the soil which is a salt build-up from the fertilizer.
- Overwatering your plant can also lead to the leaves turning yellow, and while the plant does need lots of moisture, be sure that there is a good drainage system to help avoid over watering, leading to root rot.